Polish 1921 Census and Demographic Data

The breakdown of inhabitants on this page deals mainly with the Kresy Regions, however general information on the remainder of the country is included.

 This page will be updated as additional information is gathered

The rebuilt Polish state had a territory of 389,000 sq. km. Its population, according to the census of 1921, amounted to 27 million.

The breakdown of it's population was

Poles amounting to 69% (18.7 million)

Ukrainians 14%

Jews 8%

Byelorussians  3.9%

Germans 3.8%

The remaining 1.3% were Lithuanian, Russians and Czechs

 

The overwhelming majority, that is 75% of the population lived in the countryside, the breakdown by trade/profession was

Peasants 55%

Workers 27%

Small businessmen 11%

Intelligentsia 5%

Bourgeoisie 1%

Landowners 0.3%

Detailed description

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The Kresy Districts compromised of the following number of inhabitants

Wilno/Nowogrodek

The population of Wilno was

Poles

65.9%

Jews

28.0%

Ukrainians/Ruthenians

0.1%

White Ruthenians

0.9%

Russians

3.8%

Lithuanians

0.8%

Germans

0.3%

Others

0.2%

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Polesie - In progress

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Podole

The population of Lwow was

Poles

63.5%

Jews

24.1%

Ukrainians/Ruthenians

11.2%

Russians

0.2%

Germans

0.8%

Others

0.2%

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Wolyn

Area of 35,754 square km. The population of Wolyn was slightly over two million

The breakdown was

Ukrainians

68%

Poles

16.6%

Jews

9.9%

Czechs, Germans, and Russians

5.5%

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This is the breakdown percentage of each Religious group of the subsequent District in 1921, a comparison with the census of 1931 is also shown.

 

 

1921

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Roman Catholic

Orthodox

Jewish

Other 

Nowogródzkie

39,0

51,6

9,1

0,3

Podolskie

In Progress

 

 

 

Poleskie

7,3

79,3

13,0

0,4

Wilenskie

42,2

48,5

5,9

3,4

Wolynskie 

11,5

74,6

11,3

2,6

 

 

 

1931

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Roman Catholic

Orthodox

Jewish

Other

Nowogródzkie

40,2

51,3

7,8

0,7

Podolskie

In Progress

 

 

 

Poleskie

11,0

77,4

10,1

2,5

Wilenskie

62,5

25,4

8,7

3,4

Wolynskie 

15,7

69,8

10,0

 4,5

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  At the end of World War One when the Polish borders were firmly established this was the estimate of non Poles living in the Kresy regions

Russians - 80.000

Byelorussians - 150.00

Ukrainians - 5.000.000  (approximately)

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Poles that were left outside the current borders - 2.000.000

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© Copyright; Paul Havers