The Coat of Arms of the Russian period
It was founded in the days of Kijow Rus by Wlodzimierz Swiatoslawowicz. The first mention was in Ipatiiv chronicles in 1085. Magdeburg Right of a town was granted in 1430.
Regional centre on the river Styr.
Luck is first mentioned in the Hypatian Chronicles in the year of 1085. In the mid-12th century Luck was one of the largest cities in the Galician-Wolynian Principality.
During the 13th and 14th cent. an icon-painting workshop was located in Luck. The most famous monument from this period is the icon of the Wolynian Blessed Virgin Mary, first discovered in the Pokrowa Church (Protection).
Luck was ransacked and razed to the ground in 1240 and again in 1500. Under the Lithuanian rule the city was considered the second state capital. In 1429 a conference of European monarchs was held here, during which the question of defending Europe from the Tatar onslaught was discussed.
The city of Luck was until the end of the 18th century part of Poland, then under Russian control until the end of World War I.Between the two World Wars again it was part of Poland, and in 1939 it was taken over by the USSR. Nazi Germany occupied Lutsk in 1941, and after World War II, it again became part of the Soviet Union. There were Jews in Lutsk in the tenth century, and in the 13 Century a community of Karaites settled there. Both they and the Rabbanites enjoyed the rights granted to the Jews of Lithuania in general and later of Poland-Lithuania. The importance of Luck as a political and economic centre grew. After the union of Poland and Lithuania in 1569, the Jews benefited by this new situation, some being engaged in large-scale commerce, some leasing the customs revenue, breweries, and potash production plants, while others traded in forest and agricultural products. In 1576 the city became part of the Kingdom of Poland During World War I the town changed hands several times and was occupied by Russian and German troops.
Luck Castle, 13th to 14th century; A fortified structure with three towers; the Passage, or Tower of Lyubart, who was the ruler of Luck, the Styr, or the Tower of Swidryllo, and the Wladychy. In 1987 a bell museum was established in the Wladychy Tower. Construction on the castle was begun during Lyubart's rule and completed during the rule of Swidrylo. It was restored in 1977.
Hulewicz Building, 16th century; Unique example of residential architecture Halshka Hulewicziwna, one of the founders of the Kyivan Collegium.
Vaults of the old City, 16th-18th century. Underground labyrinths in the vicinity of Katedralna Street, Daniel Halicki Street, and others. Excavations were begun in 1970. More then 50 subterranean sites were discovered, containing a larg number of household artifacts, implements, etc. A prison complex with an isolation cell was discovered beneath the Roman Catholic Church of SS. Peter and Paul. According to legend, the subterranean passages linked Luck with the neighboring villages of Shepel, Zdyczyn, Olyka, and others.