Lwow

Coat of Arms of the Austrio-Hungarian period

 

Coat of Arms of the Polish period

 

First time the picture of a lion appeared on a seal of Galicko-Wolynskich Princes, Andrew and Lew III. The lion was in a territorial sign of Galicko-Wolynskiej principality. The first town seal with the picture of the lion is fastened to the parchment diploma of Lwow in 1359. The passant Lion was in the open gates with three embattlements. In 1526 the Polish King Zygmund confirmed the emblem formally. But after the audience of Lwow archbishop Solikowski with Pope Sixt V in 1586 the town obtained the right to use the papal emblem: a statant lion holding three hills and a star with eight rays. On the 6th of November 1789 emperor Joseph II confirmed the emblem of Lwow.    

Short Description/History

      Lwow is the capital of Halicz, Situated on the Podolian Plateau it passed the whole historical destiny through the ages sometimes even suffered from different awful distractions and captures. Its appearance, vital space, quantitative and national complement, business and culture of its inhabitants have been changed not only by centuries course but because of those historical continuous changes, which took place during the existence of the town.

     The finds of the stone tools testify about the human's appearance at the territory of Lwow 12.000 years ago. At 2 &1 Centuries BC in upper reaches of the West Bog and Upper Dnister occurred the formation of the pro-Slovenian and early-Slovenian tribes. The archeologists ascertained that one of the colonies of X-XIII centuries was settled down at the slope of the Castle Mountain and became the precursor of the city. According to the first recollection in the Halicz-Wolyn chronicle Daniel Romanowicz founded Lwow in 1256.

     Old Lwow as the other old towns of the principality consisted of three parts:

     The Lwow core is the city of the 14th to 18th centuries, which were built up. It has the rectangular market square and the city hall stands at the centre of the street grid, encircled by broad green boulevards at the site of the old walls.  At the end of XVI century Lwow was densely dressed in the stone buildings, many of them in their original styles. These new buildings were decorated by Renaissance ornaments, galleries, etc. First of them were Italian Renaissance. At the atmosphere of Lwow all the monuments to the past gained extremely interesting, amazing and distinctive features.

     Next years were full of new creating and developing styles by Lwow nature and spiritual richness. Baroque, Rococo, Classicism, Empire, neo-Romanesque, neo-Gothic, Secession and Modernism, the variety of Lwow architecture styles, they make you fall in love with the city.

 Time Line of the City

Population of Lwow up to WW2

Poles

198.200

Jews

75.300

Ruthenians & Ukrainians

35.100

Russians

500

Germans

2.500

Other

600

Fragment from "10th of September"

I, left Lwow, on a black dark night for unknown shores, on a wasted journey, On my lips I took with me, the salty taste of my mothers tears

 Lwow Population before the Second Warld War was approximatley 300.000

Short History of Lwow

Commemorative Shield

Lwow Photos

City map in 1928

Additional Photos of Lwow

Recent Photos

The Great Theatre - Teatr Wielki

Lwow - villages in the county

Potocki Palace in Krystynopol

Defenders of Lwow New Cemetery

Lwow in sketches in Polish but worth a visit

Lwow Pages in Polish  - personal pages of Stanislaw Kosiedowski

If you require a translation from the Polish above link please let me know

The background music is entitled - Tylko we Lwowie (Only in Lwow)

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Copyright; Paul Havers,

TC