Nowogrodski District

  

Coat of Arms of the City and the District of Nowogrodek

Short Description/History

As a result of Soviet-Polish War of 1920, the western territories of Belarus were annexed by Poland and became part of Poland until 17th September 1939. They were divided into powjats, which formed a part of different territorial-administrative entities. In 1921, wojewodstwa were formed:

Nowogrodek wojewodstwo included Baranowicze, Wilejka, Wolozyn, Disna, Dunilowicze (in 1925, it was renamed as Postawy powjat), Lida, Neswicz, Nowogrodek, Slonim, Stolbice, Schochin.

Polesie wojewodstwo: Brest-Litowsk, Drogoczyn, Kamien-Kaszirski, Kobryn, Kosowo, Luninets, Pinsk, Pruzany, and Sarny.

There was also Wilno territory, which was formed in April 1922, which included the Braslaw, Wilno-Troki, Oszmiany, and Swetsiany powjats. In July 1922, the Disna, Dunilowicze, and Wileika powiats were added to the Wilno territory. In June 1925 Molodeczno powjat was formed as part of Wilno territory.

In December 1925, Wilnio wojewodstwo was also formed including the Braslaw, Wilejka, Wilno-Troki, Disna, Oszmiany, Postawy, and Swetsiany powjats. Some part of Western Belarus were also included into the Bialystok wojewodstwo which was formed in 1919 with the Augustow, Bialystok, Wolkowysk (from 1921), Grodno (from 1921), and Sokolka powjats. The principal city of the territory was Wilno

 

The voivodie had

Eighteen hospitals with 612 beds.

The seven clinics to which one paid a regular fee for health care had 24,835 members.

The voivodie was situated in the north-east of the Polish Republic bordered by the Soviet Republic, with a land area of 22,692 km and 800,761 inhabitants.

The breakdown is as follows

Nationality

Religion

Polish  - 53.9

Catholic - 39.5

White Russian  - 37.7%

Orthodox - 51.9%

Jewish - 6.8%

Jewish - 9.0%

Other nationalities - 2.6%

Other - 3%

The voivodie was agricultural in character. Following the example of other voivodies the east, the civilization there is very backward, the industry practically non existent, the railways few and the operations primitive.

The voivodie of Nowogrodek has eight cities and 89 towns and is divided into seven districts which are 

Baranowicze  - 3,497 km2

Lida  - 6038 km2

Nieswiez  - 1984 km2

Nowogrodek  - 2778 km2

Slonim  - 3118 km2

Stolpce  - 1723 km2

Wolozyn - 3545 km2

The population of the major cities of the voivodie

Baranowicze - 11,471

Lida - 13,401

Nieswiez - 6,840

Nowogrodek - 7,696

Slonim - 9,643

Stolpce - 2,956

Wolozyn - 2,630

 

The communications routes were few. The shortage of train routes shows harsh effects throughout the voivodie. The roads are, generally in very bad condition. As of 1 January 1928, registered automobiles were 123 cars and eight motorcycles.

Agriculture is underdeveloped in this part of the country. Only flax culture manifests a boom of development; in 1927 it covered 12,100 hectares yielding a return of 61,100 quintals of seeds and 59,200 quintals of stems.

The land destined for the culture covered 2,289.2 thousand hectares: arable 123.5 (5.4%), forest 661.1 (28.9%), other land 275.0 (12%). The arable land was of diverse cultivation:

Wheat -7,000 ha.

Rye -229,300 ha

Barley -37,100 ha

Oats -103,600 ha

Potatoes -57,400 ha

The average harvest per hectare adds up to 1,927 per 100 kg as follows: wheat-1.0, rye-9.2, barley-10.4, oats-8.3, potatoes-98. The 1927 inventory list of the voivodie accounts: 331,955 beasts with horns, 183,147 horses, 198,538 pigs, and 191,354 sheep.

Concerning agrarian reforms, 447 rural lands of 42,173 hectares were broken up already in 1925, and in 1926 - 14,165 hectares of the total of 16,035 hectares destined for this purpose. Already in 1927, 12,782 farms totaling 101,757 hectares, part of 271 localities, were de marked; whereas in 1926, 250 farms of 1,800 hectares in 6 localities were done. The corresponding services of 6,910 farms of 8,788 hectares, part of 454 localities were de marked just in 1927 and in 830 farms of 3,159 hectares being part of 59 localities in 1926.

Commerce and Industry: These two factors in economic prosperity are very neglected in the voivodie territory, due to lack of knowledge of the inhabitants. The profusion of forest favors certain parts of the wood industry.

One important note: spinning mills and linen weaving, also the tanning industry. Distilling is insignificant, the annual production added up to 429,000 liters of 100% raw alcohol. The most important commercial centers are Nowogrodek, Baranowicze, Lida, and Slonim.

 

These are the major Towns of Nowogrodek District

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Baranowicze

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Lida

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Nowogrodek

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Nieswiez

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Slonim

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Stolpe

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Wolozyn

Other towns

Sluck

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Copyright 2003; Paul Havers, This is the extract from the 1928 Business Directory

TC