Podole 

One of the first fixed heraldic signs of Podillia

The sun in an argent field.

The emblem of Podolska province was confirmed on the 8th of December 1856 and it consisted of an azure shield with the sun with 16 rays and over it a cross. The shield is crowned with the Imperial Ccrown and surrounded with the gold oak-leaves connected by St.Andrew's ribbon.

 

Short Description/History

    Podole, is a historic part of RzeczPospolita. It's situated in the centre region of the Dniestr and Bog rivers. It became part of Poland in 1366, it was annexed by Kazimierz the Great. Podolian region was included in to the Polish Crown in 1430, complete Podole became part of the Crown after the Union of Lublin in 1569. In the wars with the Turks, Poland lost part of Podole(including Krzemieniec) in 1672, and only managed to regain it in 1699. After the first Partition in 1793, Podole was divided between Tsarist Russia and Austria, but a part of it including the Tarnopol district managed to remain as part of Poland. After the end of World War 2, and the Yalta agreement, Podole was incorporated into USSR, Polish populace was then resettled to the present day Poland. The majority of them were resettled in around the Klodzko area(Kotliny Klodzkiej). During the war some of the inhabitants were deported by the Soviets, majority went to Kazakhstan.

The year is 1793 The second partition of Lithuania and Poland. Russia seized the lands of Minsk, Wolyn and Podole.

The cycle of "Uncrowned Kings" is devoted to the families of Nobility in Podolia and Bratslawszczyna of XV - XVIII centuries. Beginning of the middle of XIV century when the Podolian lands were joined to the great Lithuanian principality those families had great influence and political authority. In historical literature they are traditionally Lithuanian - Russian aristocracy though there are not so many Lithuanians among them.

Ancient Belorussian families and the families of small landowners dominated. They had to assimilate the territories near the Bug and the Dniester in the difficult circumstances of Border lands they had to defend those lands from the militant neighbours to build fortresses and to defend commercial by-ways. In those time the military and organizing abilities of the Ostrozkis, the Kmitys, the Sangushkis, the Zbarazkis, the Koretskis and the Chartoryjski's were shown.

From the middle of XVIth century after the Lublin Union the representatives of Polish magnate families moved on the territories of Bratslawszczyna. They got there the territories of the Head as a gift from the king besides they occupied nearly all main posts in Podolian and Bratslaw provinces. They were governors, judges and so on. They headed the armed forces of RzeczPospolita.

The representatives of those families worked in different ways but we should appreciate their input in the history of our land. These are some of such Polish magnate families; Potocki, Kalinowski, Jablonowski, Jazlowietski, Branicki, Lubomirski, Koniecpolski, Lantskorontski and Zamojski.

 

Counties of Podole

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Lwow

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Stanislawow

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Tarnopol

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Additional towns information

 

circle09_green_1.gif  Jazlowiec Photos

 

circle09_green_1.gif  Mielnica Podolska

circle09_green_1.gif  Kamieniec Podolski

circle09_green_1.gif  Rokitno

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Villages and Hamlets in the Region

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Iwania Pusta village

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Map of Podole in Austrio-Hungarian times

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Podole during WW2

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Podolian Cavalry Brigade

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Copyright 2003; Paul Havers