What has been taken away by Poland's Neighbours

This page contains the total losses incurred by the Polish population during the German and Soviet occupation of the Second World War. It includes the Polish populace(inclusive of the Jewish race) losses and the remainder of the wealth of the Polish Nation.

This page is not complete, more information will ba added soon.

Polish inhabitants

circle09_green_1.gif  In 1939 the number of Poles worldwide numbered 42.800.000

circle09_green_1.gif  In 1945 the number diminished to 34.600.000 - putting a population loss of 8.200.000 rougly speaking every 5th Pole was killed

 The total losses of Polish populace during the second World War were

circle09_green_1.gif  3.700.000 persons murdered by the German and Soviet occupiers*

circle09_green_1.gif  2.300.000 persons died/disappeared or went missing*

*The murders by Ukrainian and Lithuanian Nationalists took 780.000 victims

 These are the main places of the Polish citizens tragedy

Actions against the Polish populace committed by German, Belorussian, Ukrainian & Lithuanian Units.

circle09_green_1.gif  Auschwitz-Birkenau - 1.300.000 victims of all Nationalities that were under the German occupation.

circle09_green_1.gif  Belzec - 700.000 victims of the German and Ukrainian guards.

circle09_green_1.gif  Treblinka - 700.000 victims ( The henchmen were Germans & Ukrainians).

circle09_green_1.gif  Majdanek - 360.000 victims.

circle09_green_1.gif  Sobibor - 250.000 victims ( The henchmen were Germans & Ukrainians).

circle09_green_1.gif  Troscieniec - 220.000 victims ( The henchmen were Germans, Belorusians and Lithuanians).

circle09_green_1.gif  Warsaw Uprising - 220.000 victims.

circle09_green_1.gif  Babi Jar - 72.000 ( The henchmen were Germans & Ukrainians).

circle09_green_1.gif  Chelmno n. Nerem - 38.000 victims.

circle09_green_1.gif  Rowne - 23.000 ( The henchmen were Germans & Ukrainians).

circle09_green_1.gif  Witebsk - 18.000 ( The henchmen were Germans &, Belorussians).

circle09_green_1.gif  Kostopol - 18.000 ( The henchmen were Germans & Ukrainians).

circle09_green_1.gif  Wlodzimierz Wolynski - 15.000 ( The henchmen were Germans & Ukrainians).

circle09_green_1.gif  Baranowicze - 12.000 ( The henchmen were Germans, Belorusians and Lithuanians).

Actions against the Polish populace committed by the Soviet Government

circle09_green_1.gif  Bykownia - 118.000 victims.

circle09_green_1.gif  Other numerous places - 102.000 victims.

circle09_green_1.gif  Katyn - 24.000 victims.

Actions against the Polish populace committed by the Lithuanian Units

circle09_green_1.gif  Ponary - 68.000 victims.

Losses in Agriculture

circle09_green_1.gif  On 1 September the total area of agriculture was 38.000.000 ha.

circle09_green_1.gif  The Soviets took control of: 19.300.00 hectares.

circle09_green_1.gif  The Germans took control of 18.700.00 hectares (Reich - 9.2, Gen Govt - 9.4; Slovakia - 0,056 hectares).

To the beginning of the war the total number of persons living of the agriculture was 20.700.000. After the 1 September 1939 the number of persons that came under each occupier was.

circle09_green_1.gif  Soviet 9.870.000 Polish farm workers, this number includes the persons in the Lithuanian - 27.000, Belarus - 3.650.000 and Ukraine - 5.950.000 districts.

circle09_green_1.gif  German - 11.600.000, it included the Reich - 4.700.000 and General Government - 6.900.000.

On the Polish territory there was also 3.500.000 farms, 88% were small holdings which didn't employ a substantial workforce, these were appropriated by the occupiers.

circle09_green_1.gif  Soviet - 1.760.000 this includes Lithuania 5.000, Belarus - 66.000 and Ukraine 1.070.000.

During the Soviet occupation the lands which came under them were devastated, Ukrainians burned and robbed all valuable items from over 30.000 holdings.

circle09_green_1.gif  German - 1.750.000 this includes Reich 58.000 and the General Government 1.170.000.

The Germans forcibly removed 2.500.000 inhabitants of the General Government for forced labour and in their place they placed almost one million German colonists, which took over almost 60% of Polish holdings.

The total loss was that 70% of the populace lost the means to support themselves.

Factories

This includes brickworks, coal mines, glass works, etc. Germans took  - 1601, Soviets took  - 452.

circle09_green_1.gif  Of 1753 Steelworks: Germans took - 1595, Soviets took - 158.

circle09_green_1.gif  Of 1203 Chemical works: Germans took - 970, Soviets took  -  233.

circle09_green_1.gif  Of 2384 Textile works: Germans took - 2098, Soviets took - 286.

circle09_green_1.gif  Of 9342 Food factories (bakeries,breweries, slaughterhouses, etc): Germans took - 6068, Soviets took - 3270.

Most of the works to the amount of 80% were destroyed, 25% of those did not return to Poland.

Museums and other National Treasures

These forms of art were equally robbed by the Soviets and the Germans, to date it is impossible to asetain their true financial losses.

circle09_green_1.gif  From 175 Public Museums, 314 Teacher cooperatives and 25.000 Libraries which held 120.000 works and 8.000.000 books.

70% was taken over by the Germans, 30% was taken over by the Soviets.

The largest amount of items stolen were in

circle09_green_1.gif  Warsaw which was under the General Government the occupier took 17% of all museum holdings and 45% of teaching materials.

circle09_green_1.gif  Lwow where the Ukrainians took over 10% of all museum holdings and 12% of teaching materials.

circle09_green_1.gif  Krakow again General Government the occupier took 7.5% of all museum holdings and 11% of teaching materials.

circle09_green_1.gif  Poznan which came under the Reich the occupier took 3% of all museum holdings and 7% of teaching materials.

circle09_green_1.gif  Wilno which came under Lithuania the occupier took 2% of all museum holdings and 5.5% of teaching holdings, of these 85% has not been returned to Poland.

circle09_green_1.gif  The occupants destroyed 10 Polish Radio stations in Warsaw(2), Wilno, Lwow, Baranowicze, Torun, Poznan, Katowice, Lodz, Krakow.

Inhabitable Buildings

From a total of 5.800.000 inhabitable buildings in Poland in 1939, each occupier took:

circle09_green_1.gif  Soviets took - 340.000 in cities/towns, this includes 2000 in Lithuania and 220.000 in Ukraine, also 2.360.000 of buildings in villages of which 70.000 were in Lithuania, 850.000 were in Belarus and 1.440.000 in Ukraine.

circle09_green_1.gif  Germans took - 500.000 buildings in cities/towns, this includes Reich 290.000, General Government 210.000 and Slovakia 1000, also 2.620.000buildings in villages of which 1.000.000 were in the Reich, 1.610.000 in General government and 5000 in Slovakia.

Homes(including private dwellings)

Of 8.600.000 dwellings in Poland in 1939 under the occupation of;

circle09_green_1.gif  Under the Soviet occupation 680.000 in towns/cities, this includes Lithuania 60.000, Belarus 190.000 and Ukraine 430.000, In the villages the number was 2.530.000 and this includes Lithuania 7000, Belarus 910.000 and Ukraine 1.550.000.

circle09_green_1.gif  Under the German occupation 1.920.000 in towns/cities, which included 980.000 in the Reich, 930.000 in the General Government and 3000 in Slovakia, in the villages 3.470.000 this included 1.570.000 in the Reich, 1.890.000 in the General Government and 7000 in Slovakia.

Polish Towns

Warsaw

circle09_green_1.gif  The town fell within the area of General Government. It contained 1.300.000 inhabitants, from which the German occupiers killed 820.000. In September '39 the town suffered 13% destruction and if '45 the destruction was 90%.

Lodz

circle09_green_1.gif  Part of the Reich, from the total overall population of 672.000 the Germans killed 300.000. The towns destruction was 45%.

Poznan

circle09_green_1.gif  Part of the Reich, from the total overall population of  272.000 the Germans killed 120.000. The towns destruction was 55%.

Krakow

circle09_green_1.gif  The town fell within the area of General Government. From the total overall population was 259.000, the Germans killed 92.000. The towns destruction was 40%.

Bydgoszcz

circle09_green_1.gif  Part of the Reich, from the total overall population of 141.000 the Germans killed 45.000, the towns destruction was 45%.

Czestochowa

circle09_green_1.gif  The town fell within the area of General Government. From the total overall population of 138.000 the Germans killed 65.000. The towns destruction was 35%.

Katowice

circle09_green_1.gif  Part of the Reich, from the total overall population of 134.000 the deportations and killing by the Germans and Soviets managed to destroy 24.000. The towns destruction by both occupiers was 50%.

Sosnowiec

circle09_green_1.gif  Part of the Reich, from the total overall population of 130.000 the Germans killed 50.000. The towns destruction was 50%.

Lublin

circle09_green_1.gif  The town fell within the area of General Government. From the total overall population of 122.000 the Germans & Soviets killed 36.000. The towns destruction was 60%. Lublin was where Stalin imposed the Puppet Communist Government on Poland.

Gdynia

circle09_green_1.gif  Part of the Reich, from the total overall population of 120.000 the Germans and Soviets killed 35.000. The towns destruction was 50% the worst part fell on the shipyards which suffered 90% destruction.

Chorzow

circle09_green_1.gif  Part of the Reich, from the total overall population of 110.000 the Germans killed 10.000. The towns destruction was 10%.

Bialystok

circle09_green_1.gif  Part of the Reich & Belarus, from the total overall population of 107.000 the Germans and Soviets killed 70.000. The towns destruction was 70%.

Radom

circle09_green_1.gif  The town fell within the area of General Government. From the total overall population of 91.3000 the Germans  & Soviets killed 20.000. The towns destruction was 30%.

Lwow

circle09_green_1.gif  After September '39 it became part of Ukraine and then after the invasion of the Soviet Union part of the General Government. From the total overall population of 318.000 the Soviets, Germans and Ukrainians killed and deported 220.000. The towns destruction by the Soviets and Ukrainians was 40%.

Wilno

circle09_green_1.gif  After September '39 it became part of Lithuania and then after the invasion of the Soviet Union part of the General Government. From the total overall population of 209.000 the Lithuanians, Germans and Soviets killed and deported 100.000. The towns destruction by the Soviets was 60%.

Stanislawow

circle09_green_1.gif  After September '39 it became part of Ukraine and then after the invasion of the Soviet Union part of the General Government. From the total overall population of 79.3000 the Ukrainians, Germans and Soviets killed and deported 50.000. The town destruction by the Ukrainians and Soviets was 70%.

Wroclaw

circle09_green_1.gif  Part of the Reich, from the total overall population of 630.000 the Germans killed 110.000. In '45 the number of inhabitants rose to 1.000.000 this included resettled persons from which the Soviets killed 220.000. The towns destruction was 68%.

Gdansk

circle09_green_1.gif  This Old "Free Town of Gdansk" after the beginning of hostilities became part of the Reich. From the total overall population of 398.000 the Germans and Soviets killed 34.000. The towns destruction by the Germans and Soviets was 50%.

Szczecin

circle09_green_1.gif  Part of the Reich, from the total overall population of  382.000 the Germans and Soviets killed 32.000. The towns destruction was 65%, this was attributed to the bombing by the Allies and the Soviets. The largest destruction fell upon the Port which suffered 98%.

Zabrze

circle09_green_1.gif  Part of the Reich, from the total overall population of 126.000 the Germans killed 20.000. The towns destruction was10% this is attributed to the Soviets.

 

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Copyright 2003; Paul Havers

Footnote: It has to be said that the Jewish population did collaborate very extensively with the Soviet occupiers and were instrumental in denouncing the Polish Inteligensia to the Soviets which played a major part in the deportation of the said persons and destruction of Polish property. Again I have to stress that this has NOT been published to get even but as a well documented fact. Their collaboration with the Germans is not so well documented as the later didn't expend the time and effort to ensure their collaboration.